Sunday of the Blind Man

Met. Anthony sketch

Metropolitan Anthony (Khrapovitsky)

On the Sundays between Holy Pascha and the Sunday of All Saints, excerpts from the Gospel according to John are offered for reading. That Gospel contains only a few events from Christ's life on earth, however it includes many of His discourses. As for the events in the fourth Gospel, they are narrated in a detailed and picturesque manner. Such is the story of the healing of the man born blind, which is assigned as a Sunday reading in church—an event, of which every detail deserves attention.

Why did the Lord not content Himself with His almighty power, but rather tell the man born blind to go to the pool of Siloam and wash in order to recover his sight? The answer to that question is that the man born blind had to show his obedience to the mysterious Interlocutor of Whom he knew only His name, but not His divine authority. So what prompted the man obediently to fulfill the task given to Him by Christ—to go to the faraway pool of Siloam, located under the mountain? Undoubtedly, it is Christ's imperative and majestic voice that fills his soul with awe and awakes in him a dim glimmer of hope. To strengthen that hope, the Lord does not heal the man immediately, as He has healed people in other cases, but rather makes clay with His saliva and, having anointed his eyes with that clay, tests his obedience by sending him to wash in the pool of Siloam.

It was the Sabbath, and the Jews rejoiced not at God's benevolence but rather at the occasion to fall upon Jesus Christ's alleged violation of the Sabbath rest. That was not the only time that the Pharisees would find fault with the Savior unfairly. In contrast to them, the common Jewish people did understand the true meaning of the Sabbath rest, as we know from another Gospel narrative. When the Lord had denounced a certain head of the synagogue for a similar objection, "all His adversaries were ashamed; and all the people rejoiced for all the glorious things that were done by Him" (Lk 13:17).

The healing of the man blind from birth is another story: here the Jews' malice has already ripened for killing the Savior. Not only did their malice not relent at witnessing an obvious miracle unheard of since the world began (Jn 9:32), but instead it became extremely fierce and mingled with craftiness and hypocrisy. The latter is revealed in that Christ's enemies decided to put up an act of formal justice with the hearing of witnesses. They summoned the parents of the youth who had recovered his sight and subjected them both to formal questioning. They asked the youth how he had recovered his sight. His answer was, "A Man that is called Jesus made clay, and anointed mine eyes, and said unto me, Go to the pool of Siloam and wash; and I went and washed, and I received sight" (Jn 9:11). "Therefore said some of the Pharisees, ‘This Man is not of God, because He keepeth not the sabbath day.’ Others said, ‘How can a man that is a sinner do such miracles?’ And there was a division among them" (Jn 9:16). The Pharisees asked the parents of the man who had regained his sight, but they answered evasively "because they feared the Jews; for the Jews had agreed already that if any man confess that He was the Christ, he should be put out of the synagogue" (Jn 9:22).

Hence it is clear that only the man born blind did not know his Healer, whereas the people surrounding him already guessed that it was Jesus Christ. And so, in malicious bewilderment, "Then again called they the man that was blind, and said to him, Give glory to God; we know that this Man is a sinner.'... Then said they to him again, ‘What did He to thee? how opened He thine eyes?’" (Jn 9:24, 26). They wanted to hear with certainty something about Christ violating the Sabbath. The healed man had already perceived their ill-will towards the Healer, and from the one being questioned he himself turned into a prosecutor and answered them, "I have told you already and ye did not hear: wherefore would ye hear it again? will ye also be His disciples?" (Jn 9:27) It is obvious that for the man born blind this argument clarified something he did not know before. Now he knew that the "Man called Jesus" Who had healed him was that very famous Miracle-worker being discussed by the whole Jewish people. However, such a bold response in the question of the blind beggar drove his enemies to indignation and stripped them of their sense of truth altogether. And then the man blind from birth directly rebuked them for such hardheartedness and made a sound judgment, "Now we know that God heareth not sinners, but if any man be a worshipper of God, and doeth His will, him He heareth.... If this Man were not of God, He could do nothing" (Jn 9:31, 33).

And so the interrogation that began under the banner of outward justice, but was inwardly filled with malice, ended in major violence, "'Thou wast altogether born in sins, and dost thou teach us?’ And they cast him out" (Jn 9:34). The evangelist's comparatively detailed narrative shows that people's unprejudiced mind is superior to hypocritical theological speculations and sham justice, which, when exposed, displays the hypocrites' abuse of power and cruelty and clearly scorns true justice. And now the Savior meets the healed man and reveals Himself to him directly, as He did recently in His conversation with the Samaritan woman, "Dost thou believe on the Son of God?" To the healed man's question He gives an absolutely straightforward answer, "Thou hast both seen Him, and it is He that talketh with thee" (Jn 9:37). The Lord honors him with a direct, unveiled revelation to reward his resolve to die for Christ.

In the same way, our contemporaries should emulate such fearlessness, instead of that duplicity in relation to Christ that likens them to the parents of the man born blind, who valued their friendship with the contemporary Jews and other enemies of Christ.

Archbishop Gregory
Dormition Skete
P.O. Box 3177
Buena Vista, CO 81211-3177
Contact: Archbishop Gregory
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